workers all over the world celebarated 1st may as International Worker’s Day . It is also known the Labour Day or sometimes referred as the May Days well. in the honour and rights of laborers class around the world. All most all the countries the Labor Day is celebrated as a holiday to spread maximum awareness about the Day.The Labor Day is an occasion to pay tribute to the working class and also raise voice regarding the rights of the working persong. Labor Day is a special day dedicated to the labour class to recognize their hard work and efforts. It is celebrated across the globe in various countries. In most of the countries it is celebrated on the 1st of May while in some countries like USA and Canada it is celebrated on 1st Monday of September.
Background of International Labour Day
In 1886 violent incident happened in Hay market Square Riot, which led to the death of several policemen and workers in Chicago. Four Union labors were also executed in this incident. After that many labor and political groups around the world had begun to mark Hay market square on 1st May, which began to known as International Worker’s Day. In 1894 president Grover Cleveland signed the law making Labor Day as the federal holiday in America.In the late nineteenth century, the working class through his constant struggle to gain the 8-hour work day. Working conditions were severe and it was quite common to work 10 to 16 hour days in unsafe conditions. Death and injury were commonplace at many work places. As early as the 1860’s, working people agitated to shorten the workday without a cut in pay, but it wasn’t until the late 1880’s that organized labor was able to garner enough strength to declare the 8-hour workday. This proclamation was without consent of employers, yet demanded by many of the working class.
Why is May Day Celebrated?
International Worker’s Day is celebrated to honour workers and their hard efforts with a rare day of rest. The workers from throughout the world observe this day to raise the voice for their rights. They demand for fare wages, the end of child labor and the right to organize into unions. During the period of industrial revolution, many of the jobs were dull, difficult and dangerous for the workers. People used to work for 12 Hours, six days a week without fare benefits like vacations, health care and pensions.Child labor was also very common. Even the kids of 10-15 years were forced to work hard in physical jobs like working in coal mines and factories filled with boilers and dangerous machines.
Trying to win better pay, shorter working hours workers had begun to form labor unions in America and Canada. But the companies they worked for often fought hard to keep the unions out and suppress strikes. In some situations this led violent conditions between the workers and business owners. In the following years the idea of Labor Day caught in America with official celebrations reaching 30 state. In the late 19th Century, trade union and labor movements grew right along with countless industries, prompting trade unionists to begin to choose various days to celebrate the people’s labor. In the United States and Canada, a September holiday called Labour Day, was first proposed in the 1880s. Several years later, in 1887, North America officially established Labor Day.
May 1st, on the other hand, was chosen for International Workers’ Day to commemorate the Haymarket affair of May 4th 1886 in Chicago, when an unidentified person threw a bomb at the police, who responded by opening fire on the workers, killing four of them. Today, International Workers’ day is celebrated on every continent.
In the united states on labor day is an annual holidays to celebrate the achievements of workers. Labour Day has its origins in the labour union movement, specifically the eitht hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. For most countries, Labour Day is synonymous with, or linked with, international workers day, which occurs on 1 May. For other countries, Labour Day is celebrated on a different date, often one with special significance for the labour movement in that country..In Canada and the unitd states Labour Day is celebrated on the first Monday of September and Most people living in the United States know little about the International Workers’ Day of May Day. For many others there is an assumption that it is a holiday celebrated in state communist countries like Cuba or the former Soviet Union.
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