GURU NANAK DEV

Sri Guru Nanak Dev was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. There are ten Gurus who are important to Sikhs. The last Guru said that there would be no more Gurus after him and Sikhs would be taught by the Sikh holy book “Guru Granth” Sahib. The word Guru means religious teacher, Guru Nanak Dev is considered holy by Punjabi Hindus and Sahajdhari Sindhis across the Indian subcontinent,,,Because of his connection with Hazrat Sheikh Farid-ud-din Ganj Shakar, His main teaching to the world was written down to be “devotion of thought and having good actions as the first of our jobs”.

BIRTH

Founder of Sikkhism Guru Nanak Dev ji was born in 1469 in Talwandi, a village in the Sheikhupura district, 65 kilometters. west of Lahore. His father was a village official in the local revenue administration,,His father name Mehta Kalu and mother name is Mata Tripta,,wife was Mata Sulakhni,,, He was married in 1487 and was blessed with two sons, one in 1491 and the second in 1496. They were called Sri Chand and Lakshmi Das….

Education

As a boy, Sri Guru Nanak learnt, besides the regional languages, Persian and Arabic. In 1485 he took up, at the instance of his brother-in-law, the appointment of an official in charge of the stores of Daulat Khan Lodhi, the Muslim ruler of the area at Sultanpur.
By all accounts, 1496 was the year of his enlightenment when he started on his mission. His first statement after his prophetic communion with God was “There is no Hindu, nor any Mussalman.” This is an announcement of supreme significance it declared not only the brotherhood of man and the fatherhood of God, but also his clear and primary interest not in any metaphysical doctrine but only in man and his fate. It means love your neighbour as yourself. Gurdwara nankana sahib In addition, it emphasised, simultaneously the inalienable spirituo-moral combination of his message. Accompanied by Mardana, he began his missionary tours. Apart from conveying his message and rendering help to the weak, he forcefully preached, both by precept and practice, against caste distinctions ritualism, idol worship and the pseudo-religious beliefs that had no spiritual content. He chose to mix with all. He dined and lived with men of the lowest castes and classes Considering the then prevailing cultural practices and traditions,. It is a matter of great significance that at the very beginning of his mission, the Guru’s first companion was a low caste Muslim. The offerings he received during his tours, were distributed among the poor. Any surplus collected was given to his hosts to maintain a common kitchen, where all could sit and eat together without any distinction of caste and status. This institution of common kitchen or langar became a major instrument of helping the poor, and a nucleus for religious gatherings of his society and of establishing the basic equality of all castes, classes and sexes.Gurdwara Sacha Sauda

Matter of 12rupees

When Guru Nanak Dev ji were 12 years old his father gave him twenty rupees and asked him to do a business, apparently to teach him business. Guru Nanak dev ji bought food for all the money and distributed among saints, and poor. When his father asked him what happened to business? He replied that he had done a “True business” at the place where Guru Nanak dev had fed the poor, this gurdwara was made and named Sacha Sauda.

journey

During his tours, he visited numerous places of Hindu and Muslim worship. He explained and exposed through his preachings the incongruities and fruitlessness of ritualistic and ascetic practices. At Hardwar, when he found people throwing Ganges water towards the sun in the east as oblations to their ancestors in heaven, he started, as a measure of correction, throwing the water towards the West, in the direction of his fields in the Punjab. When ridiculed about his folly, he replied, “If Ganges water will reach your ancestors in heaven, why should the water I throw up not reach my fields in the Punjab, which are far less distant ?”

Teaching
He spent twenty five years of his life preaching from place to place. Many of his hymns were composed during this period..Some of the hymns convey dialogues with Yogis in the Punjab and elsewhere. He denounced their methods of living and their religious views. During these tours he studied other religious systems like Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Islam. At the same time, he preached the doctrines of his new religion and mission at the places and centres he visited,,, completion of his tours, he settled as a peasant farmer at Kartarpur, a village in the Punjab. Bhai Gurdas, the scribe of Guru Granth Sahib,

Guru Nanak taught that every human being is capable of attaining spiritual perfection which will ultimately lead them to God. He also said that rituals and priests are not required in order to have direct access to God. In his teachings, Guru Nanak emphasized that God has created many worlds and also created life. In order to feel the presence of God, Guru Nanak asked his followers to repeat the name of the God (Nam Japna). He also urged them to lead a spiritual life by serving others and by leading an honest life without indulging in exploitation or fraud…Through his teachings, Guru Nanak had become extremely popular among both the Hindus and the Muslims.

FOLLOWERS

Guru Nanak did not support monasticism and asked his followers to lead the life of honest householder. His teachings were immortalized in the form of 974 hymns, which came to be known as ‘Guru Granth Sahib,’ the holy text of Sikhism. With more than 20 million followers, Sikhism is one of the important religions in India.

DEATH

on september 22, 1539 baba guru nanak passed awey in Kartarpur, Pakistan. According to the Sikh religion, one day he was bathing in the river and god took him up to heaven. His family members were very worried as they had thought he died. After three days he returned with the message of god. He gave up his job to spread the message on how to be a good persone such that both communities found it ideal.

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